Different Types of Car Suspension Systems

Posted On: May 18th, 2015    Posted By: germanform  To  Auto Info, Car Parts

People do not know much about suspension systems because they do not see them. The suspension system of the car is what connects the automobile to the wheels. It not only sees to it that the ride is fairly comfortable, but also assures the road handling and braking system of the automobile. The model of the car itself can many times determine the type of suspension being used. There are of course other cases where the taste of the consumer dictates the suspension system of the vehicle.

Worth using dependent suspension system

A dependent suspension system has a solid axle that goes Suspension Used in Car across the width of the frame. It allows the wheels on both the left and the right side to be connected and operate together as a team. If one side of the car bends to a given direction the other side will follow along because of the dependency. It is on rough terrain that dependent suspension system really earns its worth. They can handle tough conditions and are the primary suspension systems for rear wheel drive automobiles, and SUVs. It is the suspension system of choice for any vehicle that is going to be working on harsh topography.

Attraction of independent suspension system

The independent suspension system does not have that single connecting axle. Each wheel of an independent suspension system has a different reaction to road conditions, meaning that a bump on one side is not to cause a reaction on the other. The attraction of the independent suspension system is the driving quality it affords. It is a much more comfortable way of getting around.

Varieties of independent suspension system

There are some varieties within the independent suspension system. A rear independent suspension makes use of McPherson strut and the system permits external drive shafts. The rear wheel independent suspension has a drive shaft fixed to the vehicle frame and external drive shafts will transmit the drive to each wheel. The computerization of modern cars has allowed for some of the varieties of suspension that will add to better driving ability. The adaptive air suspension has an electronically controlled suspension system for all of the wheels of the car, with an adaptive damping system that is continuous. A height sensor cost monitors the distance of the vehicles axle and chassis when the adaptive air suspension is in use.

Mechanisms used in suspension system

Different suspension systems have interesting mechanisms. The double wishbone is basically to the shaped metal pieces on top of each other. Found at the front end of the car they provide stability to the tire. They also have a shock absorber and spring coil that will absorb vibrations that occur vertically. The double wishbone reduces role allows for better steering. The McPherson strut suspension system is connected to both the front and the rear of cars. The McPherson strut will be attached to the wheel hub with a tubular strut. The strut can do a swiveling motion to allow the tire to better move. The McPherson design also has a shock absorber and coil spring mounted to the strut to help withstand the road conditions.

Twist beam suspension

A semi-independent system allows wheel movement as an independent suspension for twisting, and the suspension does permit a wheel to have some effect on another. The twist beam suspension is a semi-independent system that is most often used on the rear wheels. It has great features: simple design, lightweight, low cost, extremely good durability.
Suspension System

Impact of raising or lowering the suspension

Any one of the suspension systems has its pluses and minuses. What is used is the one best intended for the design of the given car model. It is possible to raise or lower the suspension. If you want to have the classic urban low rider, that can be done. Please remember that whatever you raise or lower suspension you are going against the original design tension. There can be some pressures or strains placed on the vehicle because of it.

Have some idea on suspension design

Knowledge of the suspension helps the owner when it comes to the maintenance of the car. Having some idea of the suspension design gives a better understanding of the importance of shock absorbers and the coil springs of the car. A better appreciation of the braking system also comes from knowing a little bit more about the suspension system. This is knowledge that is not necessarily used every day. However, when work is being done on the brakes or the underbelly of the car, this is the kind of information that helps the car owner better understand the car mechanic is trying to do.


  1. Keith Lee says:

    Well, it’s really a good article you have posted. Suspension system is one of the important parts of vehicle. Your blog is truly informative regarding suspension system. Every user possesses some basic knowledge on it, but reading your article will help everyone knowing the complete info. Even I too did not know about independent suspension system and its varieties. It’s my pleasure to see this article as I get some important information from this. Thanks a lot for updating me.

    • admin says:

      Thanks Keith for your feedback. I am glad that you got some valuable points from here and I hope you will apply those too whenever necessary.

  2. Edward Winslet says:

    I would like to thank the author for sharing such an explanatory blog. The purpose of the suspension system is to isolate the vehicle body from road bumps and vibrations, while keeping the wheels in contact with the road. Whenever purchasing a car, we always inquired for its horsepower, torque or acceleration but all of the power generated by a piston engine is useless if the driver can’t control the car. That’s why automobile engineers turned their attention to the suspension system.

    I really like your article very much. Thanks for updating me about suspension system. Keep posting.

    • admin says:

      Nice feedback Edward. I truly like your comment and am glad you liked it. Car suspension system needs to be taken care properly as it can affect the performance of the engine.

  3. Christopher Graham says:

    I want to buy a luxury car hence I am interested to collect more info on vehicle brands and engines and other factors. I am collecting much more data on car engine systems so that I can decide clearly which brand to go for. I did not know much on car suspension system but reading this article made me update on this topic. Thanks for your acknowledgement.

    • admin says:

      Yeah, it’s more important for you to have some depth knowledge on car engine maintenance as you are planning to buy a luxury car means that definitely going to be costly. Thanks for your feedback.

  4. Jerry Carman says:

    I possess a little idea on car suspension system. Even if I had gone through many sites but still I was not aware of so much about it. Reading your article, provide me a clear idea on suspension system, its types and many more. Thanks a lot for sharing this blog.

    • admin says:

      You are welcome Jerry. It’s my pleasure that you got your idea about suspension system from my article.

  5. Daisy Curtis says:

    Of course a user needs to possess all the basics regarding his vehicle but most of us don’t get interested to know all these. Nice blog you have added here and I also like some of your previous blogs. By reading this, one can easily understand all about suspension system. Keep sharing.

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